Litchis behind mysterious child deaths in Bihar

But a team of American and Indian scientists say they have found the cause of the mystery illness, which killed more than 100 children a year: eating unripe lychees on an empty stomach.

Turns out children with the brain illness were nearly 10 times more likely to have eaten lychee, and 6 times as likely to have visited a fruit orchard, in the 24 hours before they became ill compared with the healthy kids. Hundreds are admitted to hospital from around mid-May, peaking in June, with seizures and swelling on the brain after waking up in the night screaming. "This is the first confirmation that this recurring outbreak in Muzaffarpur is associated with litchi consumption and both hypoglycin A and MCPG toxicity", wrote the researchers.

In 2013, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Centre for Disease Control, India (NCDC) initiated an investigation into the mysterious outbreak using hospital-based clinical surveillance, an epidemiological case-control study and extensive laboratory testing.

In a new study published in The Lancet Global Health, researchers analyzed nearly 400 cases of children who developed the illness in 2014 and compared them to 100 children who didn't have it.

Two suspects arrested after Quebec mosque shooting kills six, injures eight
Meantime, Quebec police say the situation is under control, tweeting "mosque premises secured, occupants have been evacuated". The CBC reported that somone left a pig's head on the mosque's doorstep this past June, during the holy month of Ramadan.

The hungry children - many of whom were malnourished - are thought to have gorged themselves on fruit that fell from the trees in the commercial orchards during the lychee season, consuming the toxin, which inhibits the body's ability to produce glucose.

Low blood sugar levels: Some children had extremely low levels of glucose, which meant they were twice as likely to die. What's more, the study of urine samples showed that two-thirds of the sick children had an indication of exposure to two toxins found in lychee seeds called Hypoglycin and Methylenecyclopropyl glycine.

In the study, the parents reported that their kids would often frequent the neighbouring orchards and eat lychee fruit. Unripe ackee fruit was known for decades to cause "Jamaican vomiting sickness", but that knowledge did not reach certain places like Muzaffarpur until now, noted Oregon Health and Science University's Peter Spencer, professor of neurology and Valerie Palmer, senior research associate, in a comment published alongside the paper.

Residents in affected areas are being advised to look after children to ensure minimized consumption of the lychee fruit. Hypoglycin A and methylenecyclopropylglycine (MPCG) are toxins naturally found in litchis.

Mexico should cancel meeting if they won't pay for wall
CAP says changes in the relationship over the last 25 year have improved trade, cross-border migration and security cooperation. The Republican-controlled Congress would need to supply billions of dollars more if the wall is to be anywhere near completed.

The second clue: Most of the victims had very low blood sugar levels.

The number of reported cases per year dropped to less than 50 from hundreds, The New York Times added. The litchi lovers young children would spend the day playing and feasting on litchis and sleep without dinner, this seemingly normal eating habit led to the most unimaginable catastrophe.

However, the researchers said there are still some questions surrounding the mystery.

ACA Healthcare Sign Up Deadline Is Midnight
Andree DeLisser, a professor at the Yale School of Nursing, told the crowd she had many reasons for attending the rally. DeLisser then held up her picture to put a face to those who will be impacted.

(Copyright © 2015. All Rights Reserved.)
 
Recommended

FDA Celebrates National Wear Red Day, Promotes Heart Healthy Lifestyles
You must know your risks for heart disease-family history, high blood pressure , smoking, high cholesterol, diabetes and obesity. Cardiovascular disease claimed the lives of almost 500,000 American women each year, yet women were not paying attention.

Starbucks Makes Voice Ordering Command Available On App And On Amazon Alexa
It will see a wider release this summer, followed by implementation in the Android app by the end of the year. As with Alexa's Domino's Pizza skill , placing an order with Alexa voice commands is simple, but limited.

Wade back injury sees Finch captain, Handscomb to keep
Smith, 27, was injured while fielding in Australia's ODI win over Pakistan in the last match of their 4-1 series victory. This will be another big test for Kane Williamson , who is still relatively young in his stint as New Zealand captain.

Borussia Dortmund Could Trigger Buy Out Clause for Athletic's Spanish Starlet
I really like the Spanish league and find it attractive. "Many people would like to see me in the English Premier League". Aubameyang has scored 100 goals in 166 games for Dortmund since joining from Saint-Etienne in 2013.

'Winds of Winter' release date expected by October 2017
As for the long-awaited "The Winds of Winter", Martin says coyly that there's a chance it will be out by the end of 2017. Now, Martin's involvement has been confirmed on the Book of Swords Amazon page .

Pre-Super Bowl, Stores in Atlanta & Boston Are Banning Each Other's Beer
The Falcons defense has not been statistically great but they have managed to limit some of the best quarterbacks in the playoffs. The Patriots aren't going to play zone all night either because Patricia is going to need to keep the Falcons offense guessing.

Lawsuit alleges more rapes by Bayor football players
According to the lawsuit , Baylor football promoted a "show 'em a good time" culture and "used sex to sell " the school to recruits.

Joe Thomas jokes about doubling win total after AFC Pro Bowl victory
The ball went to Bills' DE Lorenzo Alexander , who ran out past the 20 before lateraling to the Broncos' Aqib Talib . The NFC lost despite finishing with seven sacks, including three by Minnesota Vikings defensive end Everson Griffin.

Jeunghun Wang dreams of Masters debut after Qatar Masters victory
Van Zyl looked favourite when he found the green in two shots, but he three putted for par. Only Matteo Manassero and Seve Ballesteros achieved the feat more quickly.

Jose Mourinho: Man Utd not EFL Cup final favourites
When told Mourinho's views on the penalty, Silva laughed and said: "I understand what Mourinho tried to say". I can not give to the same player chance after chance after chance and not consider the effort of the others.

Final Fantasy VII Remake Key Art Revealed
Today there was an event celebrating the 30th anniversary of the " Final Fantasy " saga at Toho Cinema Roppongi Hills, Tokyo. While the release date is great news for Final Fantasy fans, it was the added progression system that had people cheering.

British economy grows 0.6% in final quarter of 2016
A higher trade deficit subtracts from economic growth because it means more production is being supplied from overseas . It is also much lower than the growth rate trend before the downturn, which averaged 2.9% a year over 10 years.

Scarface Remake Casts Diego Luna in Lead Role
Variety is reporting that Rogue One star Diego Luna has been cast in Universal Pictures upcoming remake of Scarface. The 1983 Scarface was released on December 9, 1983, and stars Al Pacino as Tony Montana .

New Game of Thrones Story Included in Fantasy Anthology Released in 2017
Season 7 of the HBO series - in which the storyline has progressed past what happens in the books - is due out in mid-2017. Cherryh, and Elizabeth Bear are some of the contributing authors. "I thought the same thing a year ago .

BSF rejects VRS application of constable Tej Bahadur Yadav
Post the video got viral, home minister Rajnath Singh took to twitter to sought a report and "take appropriate action". Tej Bahadur Yadav, a soldier of Indian Army, who exposed the corruption in the army, went missing, his wife claimed.


More News

News
More News